2023/2/3 11:25:26

According to customs statistics, in January 2017, China's import and export value of RMB 2 trillion and 180 billion yuan, up 19.6% compared with the same period last year (the same). Among them, exports were 1 trillion and 270 billion yuan, up 15.9%, imports 911 billion 170 million yuan, an increase of 25.2%, trade surplus of 354 billion 530 million yuan, and narrowing 2.7%. The main features of China's foreign trade import and export in January are as follows: the proportion of general trade import and export has been improved

In January, China's general trade import and export 1 trillion and 250 billion yuan, an increase of 19.9%, accounting for 57.3% of my gross foreign trade, up 0.1 percentage points from the same period last year. Of which, exports were 708 billion 480 million yuan, an increase of 12.7%, accounting for 56% of the total value of exports, imports of 538 billion 770 million yuan, an increase of 30.8%, accounting for 59.1% of the total value of imports; under general trade terms, the surplus was 169 billion 710 million yuan, narrowing 21.7%. In the same period, China's import and export of processing trade was 586 billion 130 million yuan, up 11.6%, accounting for 26.9% of my gross foreign trade, 1.9 percentage points lower than that of the same period last year. Of which, exports were 390 billion 820 million yuan, an increase of 14.6%, accounting for 30.9% of the total value of exports, imports of 195 billion 310 million yuan, an increase of 5.9%, accounting for 21.4% of the total value of imports, processing trade under the margin of 195 billion 510 million yuan, the expansion of 24.8%.

In addition, China's import and export by customs special supervision and export 234 billion 400 million yuan, an increase of 33.4%, accounting for 10.8% of my gross foreign trade. The export was 73 billion 770 million yuan, up 12.1%, accounting for 5.8% of the total export value; imports 160 billion 630 million yuan, an increase of 46.2%, accounting for 17.6% of the total value of imports.

Import and export growth of Europe, America and Japan, ASEAN and other markets

In January, the EU was the largest trading partner in China, and China EU trade value was 325 billion 560 million yuan, up 14.1%, accounting for 15% of my gross foreign trade. Among them, I exported 211 billion 640 million yuan to the European Union, up 13.6%, 113 billion 920 million yuan from the European Union, an increase of 15.2%, and a surplus of 97 billion 720 million yuan to the European trade surplus, and an expansion of 11.8%. As the second largest trading partner of our country, the total trade value of China and the United States is 320 billion 70 million yuan, up 21.9%, accounting for 14.7% of my gross foreign trade. Among them, I export 233 billion 980 million yuan to the United States, an increase of 17.2%, 86 billion 90 million yuan from the United States, an increase of 36.7%, a surplus of 147 billion 890 million yuan to the United States, and an expansion of 8.2%.

In January, ASEAN was the third largest trading partner of our country, and the total trade value of ASEAN with ASEAN was 266 billion 840 million yuan, up 18.8%, accounting for 12.3% of my gross foreign trade. Among them, I exported 154 billion 640 million yuan to ASEAN by 13.7%, and 112 billion 200 million yuan from ASEAN, an increase of 26.6%, and an ASEAN trade surplus of 42 billion 440 million yuan and 10.4%. As China's fourth largest trading partner, Japan's total trade value of China and Japan is 155 billion 30 million yuan, up 18.4%, accounting for 7.1% of my gross foreign trade. Among them, exports to Japan were 84 billion 930 million yuan, an increase of 18%, 70 billion 100 million yuan from Japan, an increase of 18.8%, and a surplus of 14 billion 830 million yuan and 14.4% to Japan's trade surplus.

The proportion of the import and export of private enterprises has increased.

Both foreign invested enterprises and state-owned enterprises increase in import and export

In January, the import and export of private enterprises was 861 billion 740 million yuan, up 21.3%, accounting for 39.6% of my gross foreign trade, up 0.6 percentage points from the same period last year. Among them, exports were 612 billion 380 million yuan, up 18.9%, accounting for 48.4% of the total export value, and imports of 249 billion 360 million yuan, up 27.9%, accounting for 27.4% of the total value of imports. In the same period, the import and export of foreign invested enterprises was 915 billion 570 million yuan, up 13%, accounting for 42.1% of my gross foreign trade. Among them, exports were 511 billion 220 million yuan, up 11.8%, accounting for 40.4% of the total export value, and imports of 404 billion 350 million yuan, up 14.5%, accounting for 44.4% of the total value of imports.

In addition, the import and export of state-owned enterprises 392 billion 850 million yuan, an increase of 36.7%, accounting for 18% of the total value of my foreign trade. Among them, exports were 141 billion 110 million yuan, up 19.1%, accounting for 11.1% of the total export value, and imports of 251 billion 740 million yuan, up 48.9%, accounting for 27.6% of the total value of imports.

Mechanical and electrical products, textile and clothing, etc.

Export growth of traditional labor intensive products

In January, the export of mechanical and electrical products in China was 709 billion 570 million yuan, up 16.6%, accounting for 56.1% of the total export value. Among them, the export of electrical and electronic products was 302 billion 870 million yuan, up 12.5%, and the mechanical equipment was 197 billion 890 million yuan, up 14.4%. At the same time, garment exports 99 billion 270 million yuan, an increase of 9.5%; textile products 66 billion 410 million yuan, an increase of 11.2%; footwear 35 billion 790 million yuan, an increase of 16.8%; furniture 32 billion 450 million yuan, an increase of 4.1%; plastic products 23 billion 360 million yuan, an increase of 20.5%; and 17 billion 490 million yuan, an increase of 22.1%; toy 12 billion 110 million yuan, an increase of 53.4%; the above 7 categories of labor-intensive products in total exports 286 billion 880 million yuan, an increase of 13%, accounting for 22.7% of total exports. In addition, the export of fertilizer 1 million 210 thousand tons, reduced by 51.3%, 7 million 420 thousand tons of steel, reduced by 23.2%, and 70 thousand cars, an increase of 65.7%.

Iron ore, crude oil, coal, etc.

The import and export price of major commodities is rising.

In January, China imported 92 million tons of iron ore, an increase of 12%, the average import price of 524.9 yuan per ton, up 81.3%; 34 million 30 thousand tons of crude oil, an increase of 27.5%, the average import price of 2644.4 yuan per ton, up 46.7%; 24 million 910 thousand tons of coal, increased by 64.4%, the average import price of 650 yuan per ton, up 1.1 times; 2 million 600 thousand tons of refined oil, reduce 2.2%, the average import price of 3284.7 yuan per ton, up 48.3%; primary plastics 2 million 210 thousand tons, increased by 10.2%, the average import price of 11 thousand and 200 yuan per ton, up 9.9%; 1 million 90 thousand tons of steel, increased by 17.7%, the average import price of 6853.6 yuan per ton, up 0.8%; unwrought copper and copper 380 thousand tons, reduced by 12.7%, the average import price 42 thousand and 600 yuan per ton, up 30.5%.

In addition, mechanical and electrical products imported 388 billion 410 million yuan, an increase of 12.9%; of which 80 thousand cars, an increase of 29.1%.

Export leader index rebounded

In January, China's export guide index was 39, up 1.6 from December last year. The initial judgment of China's export pressure in the beginning of the two quarter of 2017 was expected to be relieved. According to the survey data, China's export manager index is 41.5, which rose 2.1 from the previous month. The new export orders index and the manager confidence index rose by 2, 3.7 to 43.9, 47.2 respectively, and the comprehensive cost index of the export enterprises dropped 1.1 to 22.8.